For the first time since launched a new alarm system for pollution in 2013,Beijing has turned red alert Monday by pollution . In the thick smog that is expected for the next few days, the City Council has decreed that you circulate half the cars and forced to shut down the most polluting industries, according to the Xinhua news agency. From seven o’clock on Tuesday (eleven p.m., Spanish GMT), authorities recommend that nurseries and schools interrupt their classes until the rains provided from Thursday to clean the atmosphere.
Next to smoke from cars and factories, pollution is due to coal used in power stations to produce electricity and heating boilers. When winter comes, the lack of wind usually shoot up pollution far above those recommended by the World Health Organization standards (WHO). Up to 25 times above the limits , Beijing last week reported a concentration of 634 micrograms per cubic meter of PM2.5 particles, so tiny that slip into the lungs and can cause cancer.
A few days after that peak pollution which fired an orange alert , the authorities have raised for the first time the highest degree of alarm that pollution will last until after the middle of this week. During Monday afternoon, the PM 2.5 meters in Beijing recorded 240 micrograms, almost ten times more than the limits established by WHO. Although that figure is well below pollution reached last week, the new alert system, which was revised in May, forced to take protective measures with 24 hours notice. In fact, Beijing had since Saturday afternoon on orange alert, the second leg of this scale.
After nearly four decades of extraordinary growth economically, China is choking pollution just as the Climate Summit in Paris enters its decisive stage to reach an agreement on global warming. Already become the country’s biggest polluter in the world, the Asian giant has pledged to reduce by 2020 consumption of coal in one hundred million tons, but this decline is just a small part of the 4,200 million tons used in 2012. In addition, Beijing’s authoritarian regime has pledged to cut its emissions in older thermal plants up to 60 percent, but did not give details. In fact, China does not plan to reduce its pollution until 2030, when emissions reach a maximum and begin to decline.
Above the lack of freedoms and social abuses, pollution is the most serious problem that China faces as it charged 1.4 million lives each year, according to the latest official reports. Last week, the cloud of pollution that often covers the industrialized coast, hiding the sky, eclipsing the sun, spread similar to that of Spain surface : over half a million square kilometers.
The pollution is so widespread that 70 percent of China’s population in 2012 was exposed to higher than recommended by the WHO, which has already linked with pollution levels lung cancer. It is estimated that in 2012 unsafe air worldwide gained seven million lives, mostly in Asia, which is the most common next to the stomach and liver. Under Prevention and Control Center in Beijing, cancer each year in China kills two 2.5 million people, but will rise to three million by 2020.
In Beijing, where deaths from lung cancer have soared 56 percent between 2001 and 2010, the disease and drink a fifth of all tumors diagnosed in the city. The Chinese capital suffers some highly harmful to health levels by emissions from the tailpipes of cars, which generate 30 percent of PM 2.5 particles; coal power plants and factories (22 percent) and dust everywhere raise their works (14 percent). Despite new pollution alerts launched this winter, especially from power boilers in early November, China claims to have reduced pollution this year: up to 40 percent emissions of sulfur dioxide and 19 percent that of PM 2.5 particles. But these figures are not so clear, especially after the thick fog that covers and Beijing.